The Korean Physical Society 06130 22, Teheran-ro 7-gil, Gangnam-gu, Seoul, Republic of Korea 610 Representation : Tae Won NOH TEL: 02-556-4737 FAX: 02-554-1643 E-mail : Copyright(C) KPS, All rights reserved.
30 May 2022 to 4 June 2022
Virtual Seoul
Asia/Seoul timezone

Characterization of the Field Cages of the HATPC detectors for the T2K ND Upgrade

Not scheduled
Virtual Seoul

Virtual Seoul

Poster New neutrino technologies Poster


The T2K near detector (ND280) located 280 m down the neutrino beam at the J-PARC
accelerator is currently being upgraded and equipped with new sub-detectors, including a
Super Fine-Grained Scintillator detector (sFGD) and two High-Angle Time Projection
Chambers (HA-TPCs). The HA-TPCs operate at atmospheric pressure with the “T2K gas”
mixture (Ar:CF$_\text{4}$:iC$_\text{4}$H$_{\text{10}}$=95:3:2) contained in a Field Cage with a central cathode splitting the active volume
(2.0×1.8×0.8 m$^3$) into two halves (1m long in drift direction).
The Field Cages with 3-cm-thin walls are built by exploiting composite material
techniques with lightweight and low-Z materials. Specific building processes were
developed for complying with very tight geometrical tolerances and several requirements
including very low material budget, high degree of electrical field uniformity, adequate
degrading of high electric potential (the cathode is operated at -30kV) along very reduced
distances to electrical ground, high structural integrity against over-pressure,
gravitational and thermal loads, minimum outgassing from inner surfaces, minimum
permeability to atmospheric gas components having a negative impact on electron drift
(O$_2$, N$_2$ and H$_2$O). The Cage innermost layer consists of a Kapton foil with copper strips
on both sides ( “Field” and “Mirror” strips), which allow degrading the electric potential
along the drift volume with high degree of uniformity of the resulting Electric Field up to
few mm from the surface.
This Poster focuses on the extensive mechanical and electrical characterization of the
Field Cages, including assessment of mechanical properties, HV dielectric insulation
systematic tests, studies about inner surfaces characteristics and internal E-field
uniformity. Concerning E-field we accurately assessed its uniformity by exploiting
different techniques including (a) measurement of straight tracks produced by laser
beams injected inside the TPC and (b) direct measurement of the E-field components
inside the Field Cage by means of a fully dielectric (no metallic parts) custom developed
device based on the Pockels effect.

Collaboration T2K

Primary author

Matteo Feltre (University of Siena and INFN Padova)

Presentation Materials